03/01 – The Massacre of the Citadel

Muhammad Ali (soon Pasha) watches from the Citadel as the remaining Mamluks are massacred by his Albanian mercenaries. (Wikimedia Commons) On this day in 1811, the Massacre of the Citadel took place in Cairo, Egypt. A brutal civil war was underway in the country following Napoleon's failed 1798 invasion, and the power vacuum created by…

11/30 – The Battle of Sinop

"The Battle of Sinop" by Ivan Konstantinovič Ajvazovskij. (Wikipedia) On this day in 1853, the naval Battle of Sinop took place between ships from the Ottoman Empire and the Imperial Russian Navy. The engagement was part of the Crimean War; the conflict was a result of the Ottoman Empire (or, the Turkish Empire) falling into…